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Weekly Update from The Special Jurisdiction of Peace in Colombia

Updated: May 1, 2019


29 March - 05 April


The Guernica Group


For The Guernica Group, the work developed by the Integral System of Truth, Justice, Reparation and No Repetition (SIVJRNR) of Colombia is essential to carry out and consolidate the Peace Accord. Victims are the central pillar and the guarantee for the need to define the truth and ensure accountability for key episodes of violence committed during the armed conflict, as the basis of long-lasting reconciliation. The Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) has the potential to develop new legal precedents that could reshape the work of international criminal lawyers and generate a valuable legacy for the whole Latin American region.


Accordingly, The Guernica Group will provide weekly media updates from the Special Jurisdiction for Peace in order to expand the JEP’s outreach and generate debate around the cases, the judicial proceedings and the procedures of the different Chambers. The summary of the news will be published in both English and Spanish, and will include links to the relevant articles:


WEEKLY UPDATE – SPECIAL JURISDICTION FOR PEACE (JEP)


(29 March – 5 April 2019)


· The Colombian Constitutional Court published a summary on their decisions regarding the implementation of the Final Peace Accords:


The Colombian Constitutional Court has published a summary on the decisions that they have adopted in the implementation of the Peace Accords.


To consult this summary, click here


Source:

Colombian Constitutional Court, Official Twitter, April 5th 2019, available at: https://twitter.com/CConstitucional/status/1113929449215602688


· Jesús Emilio Carvajalino, ex-leader of the now extinct FARC-EP, appears before the JEP:


Jesús Emilio Carvajalino, better known as “Andres París”, appeared on Thursday April 4th before the JEP Courtroom of Recognition. This appearance was in response to the order sent to 31 members of the Greater State of the guerrilla group to present their version of events as part of case 001 on kidnappings. In total, including Carvajalino, there are 12 ex-leaders that will share their version of events in this case.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Official Twitter, April 4th, available at: https://twitter.com/JEP_Colombia/status/1113924356428767234


· The Special Jurisdiction for Peace receives a report on anti-personnel mines:


On the 4th April, the organization Mil Víctimas – that gathers members of the National Army that were victims of anti-personnel mines – submitted the report “The Devestation of a Town: Illicit Means and Methods Employed by FARC” to the Special Jurisdiction for Peace’s Courtroom of Recognition. The report details the damage caused by the guerrilla groups use of these explosives during the armed conflict. According to this report, 7,413 soldiers were victims of these devices.


The use of these anti-personnel mines is a grave infraction of International Human Rights and a war crime that is being investigated and will be sanctioned by the JEP.


Source:

The Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Press Information, “La JEP recibe informe sobre minas antipersonal”, April 4 2019, available at: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/La-JEP-recibe-informe-sobre-minas-antipersonal-.aspx


· The Special Jurisdiction for Peace makes the consultation for all contracts signed between 2018 and 2019 available to the public:


The Special Jurisdiction for Peace has made the consultation for all contracts signed between 2018 and 2019 available to the public. Although this information was already available on the Electronic System for Public Procurement, the JEP’s purpose is to facilitate the general public’s access to this information.


To consult this information, click here


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Press Information “These are the JEP contracts (2018 and 2019)”, April 4th, 2019, available at: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/contratos-jep.aspx


· The President of the Comité Intergremial del Meta declared that, while the businessman financed illegal armed actors, they were also victims:


In the truth meeting on the region of Orinoquía, Eduardo Espinel Riveros – President of the Comité Intergremial del Meta – claimed that businessmen also shared responsibility in the war, having financed both the Guerrilla and Paramilitary groups. Nonetheless, he also emphasised that the businessmen were also kidnapped, extorted, and killed by one armed actor or another, making them victims of the armed conflict.


Source:

El Espectador, “Sí hubo pagos de empresarios a actores armados ilegales, pero también somo víctimas” , April 3rd 2019, available at: https://colombia2020.elespectador.com/verdad/si-hubo-pagos-de-empresarios-actores-armados-ilegales-pero-tambien-somos-victimas-empresario


· The Special Jurisdiction for Peace responds to the right of petition presented by the president of the Senate on the hiring of the organization:


On the 1st of April, 2019, the Executive Secretary of the JEP, María del Pilar Bahamón Falla, responded to the right of petition presented by the Senate president Ernesto Macías, who requested a report on hiring practices within that entity.


Read the communication here.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Press Information, “JEP si respondió a derecho de petición del Presidente del Senado”, April 3rd, 2019, available at https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/JEP-si-respondi%C3%B3-a-derecho-de-petici%C3%B3n-del-presidente-del-Senado.aspx


· Manuel de Jesús Pirabán, ex-commander of the Centaur Block of the United Self Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC) apologized to the people for all the damage caused:


After having spent 9 years in jail through ordinary justice, Manuel de Jesús Pirabán, ex-commander of the Centaur Block of the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC) has repeatedly expressed his willingness to present to the Truth Commission all that he knows about the massacres committed by paramilitaries, such as those in Mapiripán and Caño Jabón (Meta). On April 3, in a face-to-face meeting with the victims of the Mapiripán and Caño Jabón massacres, Pirabán asked forgiveness from the victims, expressing that he regretted having belonged to the armed group.


The massacre of Mapiripán was committed in July 1997 by the Centaur block, at least 49 people were killed and hundreds were displaced.


Source:

El Espectador, “Le pido perdón al pueblo llanero por todo el daño causado”, Excommander of the Centaur Block, April 3rd, 2019, available at https://colombia2020.elespectador.com/verdad/le-pido-perdon-al-pueblo-llanero-por-todo-el-dano-causado-excomandante-del-bloque-centauros


· The Special Jurisdiction for Peace met with representatives of the Rrom village:

On April 2nd, the JEP met with representatives of the Rrom village to prepare the preliminary consultation, in which the Rrom people will present their observations in front of the Truth Commission and the Search Unit for Missing People.

Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Official Twitter, April 2nd 2019, available at: https://twitter.com/JEP_Colombia/status/1113206563857227776


· The truth proposal from businessman and ex-senator David Char – supposedly related to the Northern Block of the United Self-Defence forces of Colombia (AUC) – is delivered to the Special Jurisdiction for Peace:


In August, 2018, the Appeals Division of the Peace Tribunal opened the doors of the JEP to the ex-senator and businessman David Char Navas, who is currently being processed by the Supreme Court for presumed connections with the José Pablo Días front, of the Northern Block of the United Self-Defence forces of Colombia, led by Édgar Ignacio Fierro, alias Don Antonio. At present, the Definition of Judicial Situations Courtroom of the JEP is evaluating the submission from Char, who is meant to design a reparation plan, a truth compromise and a plan for non-repetition.


On December 13 2018, Char handed in a reparation plan. To know more about said reparation plan, click here.


Source:

El Espectador, “La propuesta de verdad del exsenador David Char a la JEP”, April 2nd, 2019, available at: https://colombia2020.elespectador.com/jep/la-propuesta-de-verdad-del-exsenador-david-char-la-jep


· Patricia Linares, president of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace talks at the House of Representatives on the subject of the presidential objections to the Statutory Law:

This past April 1st, Patricia Linares, president of the JEP, participated in the Public Audience of the House of Representatives with the intention of discussing the presidential objections to the JEP’s Statutory Law project.

In particular, Patricia Linares expressed that, while the JEP can continue to function daily, while progressing through its work, the situation is going to become more complex and may affect its legal security. In this sense, it should be noted that the International Criminal Court will only enter into the Colombian case if the State does not comply with its international obligation to sanction and investigate war crimes and crimes against humanity.


Source

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Official Twitter, April 1st 2019, available at: https://twitter.com/JEP_Colombia/status/1112862698331570176


· José Manuel Sierra Sabogal, alias “Aldinever” or “El Zarco Aldinever” – ex-commander of the Western Block of FARC – did not attend the appointment with the Special Jurisdiction for Peace for security reasons:


This past April 1st, José Manuel Sierra Sabogal, head commander of the Western Block of FARC did not attend the appointment for the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP), alluding to security reasons in his explanation. This past March 27th, Sabogal sent a letter to the JEP asking for a deferment. A request with the JEP has accepted. Aldinever’s lawyer will suggest a new date in the next 3 days.


Source:

El Heraldo, “El Zarco Aldinever no acudió a la JEP”, April 1st 2019, available at: https://www.elheraldo.co/columnistas/el-zarco-aldinever-no-acudio-la-jep-614650


· The budget cuts to the transitional justice mechanisms and their consequences for the implementation of the Peace Agreement:


Members of the three entities of the Comprehensive System for Truth, Justice, Reparation and Non-Repetition – the Truth Commission, the Missing Persons Search Unit, and the JEP – have denounced the 2019 budget cut in the financing of these institutions. They are facing a 40%, 68%, and 28% decrease in their funding. According to members of these institutions, these cuts will have impacts in the implementation of the Peace Agreement with the harshest consequences in the most inaccessible territories.


Source:

El Espectador, “Las consecuencias territoriales del recorte al sistema de justicia transicional”, 31 de marzo 2019, available at: https://colombia2020.elespectador.com/colombia-en-transicion/las-consecuencias-territoriales-del-recorte-al-sistema-de-justicia


· The transitional justice system will hear from La Picota’s prisoners:


The Special Jurisdiction for Peace, the Truth Commission, and the Missing Persons Search Unit have accepted a request from the Committee of Prisoners for Truth to accept new information around events that occurred during the armed conflict.


The Committee of Prisoners delivered this request through a letter sent February 19th, 2019, in which they reiterate their willingness to present before these entities and reiterated “the history of Colombia is in jail”. The group consists of more than 200 prisoners that are linked to paramilitary groups and armed groups like ELN, EPL, and FARC.


Source:

El Espectador, “El sistema de justicia transicional escuchará a los presos de La Picota”, March 30th, 2019, available at: https://colombia2020.elespectador.com/verdad/el-sistema-de-justicia-transicional-escuchara-los-presos-de-la-picota


· The businessman Fabio Simón Younes Arboleda, captured for alleged drug smuggling, asks to not be extradited and promises to tell the truth about the “Jesús Santrich” case:


The businessman Fabio Younes – captured with the ex-guerrilla leader Seuxis Hernández alias “Jesús Santrich” on April 9th, 2019 – for alleged drug smuggling, asks the Supreme Court to not extradite and promised to share with the country the truth in the case.


Source:

El Espectador, “Fabio Younes pide no ser extraditado para contarle al país la verdad del caso Santrich” March 28th, 2019, available at: https://www.elespectador.com/noticias/paz/fabio-younes-pide-no-ser-extraditado-para-contarle-al-pais-la-verdad-del-caso-santrich-articulo-847375


ACTUALIZACIÓN SEMANAL - JURISDICCIÓN ESPECIAL PARA LA PAZ (JEP)


(29 marzo – 5 abril 2019)


· ​La Corte Constitucional de Colombia publica un resumen de las decisiones de la Corte en la implementación del Acuerdo Final de Paz:


La Corte Constitucional de Colombia ha publicado un resumen de las decisiones que la propia Corte ha adoptado en la implementación del Acuerdo de Paz.


Para consultar dicho resumen, cliquee aquí.


Fuente:

-Corte Constitucional de Colombia, Twitter Oficial, 5 de abril 2019, disponible en: https://twitter.com/CConstitucional/status/1113929449215602688


· Jesús Emilio Carvajalino, antiguo jefe de las extintas FARC-EP, comparece ante la JEP:


Jesús Emilio Carvajalino, más conocido como “Andrés París”, compareció este jueves 4 de abril ante la Sala de Reconocimiento de la JEP. Esta comparecencia se enmarca en la orden a los 31 miembros del Estado Mayor de la guerrilla a rendir versión en el marco del caso 001, sobre secuestros. En total, con Carvajalino son 12 exjefes de esa guerrilla que rinden su versión en este caso.


Fuente:

-Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz, Twitter oficial, 4 de abril, disponible en: https://twitter.com/JEP_Colombia/status/1113924356428767234


· La Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz recibe un informe sobre minas antipersonal:


El pasado 4 de abril, la organización Mil Víctimas - que reúne a miembros del Ejército Nacional que fueron víctimas de las minas antipersonal - entregó a la Sala de Reconocimiento de la Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP) el informe "La devastación de un pueblo: medios y métodos de guerra ilícitos empleados por las FARC", que da cuenta de las afectaciones causadas por estos explosivos y que empleó este grupo guerrillero durante el conflicto armado. De acuerdo con dicho informe, 7.413 militares fueron víctimas de estos artefactos.


El uso de minas antipersonal es una grave infracción al Derecho Internacional Humanitario, es decir, un crimen de guerra que es investigado y será sancionado por la JEP.


Fuente:

-Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz, Información de prensa, “La JEP recibe informe sobre minas antipersonal”, 4 de abril 2019, disponible en: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/La-JEP-recibe-informe-sobre-minas-antipersonal-.aspx


· La Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz pone a disposición del público la consulta de la totalidad de los contratos suscritos entre 2018 y 2019:


La Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz pone a disposición de la opinión pública la consulta de la totalidad de los contratos suscritos entre 2018 y 2019. Si bien esta información ya estaba disponible en el Sistema Electrónico de Contratación Pública, el propósito de la JEP es facilitar el acceso a esta información al público general.


Para consultar dicha información, cliquee aquí:


Fuente:

-Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz, Información de prensa, “ Estos son los contratos de la JEP (2018 y 2019)”, 4 de abril 2019, disponible en: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/contratos-jep.aspx


· El presidente del Comité Intergremial del Meta declara que, mientras los empresarios financi