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Weekly Update from The Special Jurisdiction of Peace in Colombia

Updated: May 2, 2019

05 April - 12 April


The Guernica Group

For The Guernica Group, the work developed by the Integral System of Truth, Justice, Reparation and No Repetition (SIVJRNR) of Colombia is essential to carry out and consolidate the Peace Accord. Victims are the central pillar and the guarantee for the need to define the truth and ensure accountability for key episodes of violence committed during the armed conflict, as the basis of long-lasting reconciliation. The Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) has the potential to develop new legal precedents that could reshape the work of international criminal lawyers and generate a valuable legacy for the whole Latin American region.


Accordingly, The Guernica Group will provide weekly media updates from the Special Jurisdiction for Peace in order to expand the JEP’s outreach and generate debate around the cases, the judicial proceedings and the procedures of the different Chambers. The summary of the news will be published in both English and Spanish, and will include links to the relevant articles:




· Zulema Jattin Corrales, ex-representative of Cámara, department of Córdoba, and ex-senator, signs act of submission before the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP):


On April 12th, 2019, Zulema Jattin Corrales, ex-senator and ex-representative of Cámara, Córdoba, signed an act of submission before the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP). Zulema Jattin Corrales is currently under investigation by the Supreme Court for the crime of conspiring to commit aggravated crime when he worked as a senator of the Republic and representative of Cámara as well as having alleged alliances with the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC). At present, Jattam Corrales is under house arrest.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, “Zulema Jattin firma acta de sometimiento ante la JEP”, April 12th, 2019, available at: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/Zulema-Jattin-firma-acta-de-sometimiento-ante-la-JEP.aspx


· The JEP calls a hearing to make a decision in light of the incident involving the former FARC guerrilla leader Hernán Darío Velásquez Saldarriaga, known as "El Paisa":


The Courtroom of Truth Recognition, Responsibility, and Determination of the Facts and Conducts of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) called for a public audience on April 26th, 2019, at 8:00am. The objective of the audience is to come to a decision regarding the incident of verification of Hernán Darío Velásquez Saldarriaga’s conditional compliance system.


Velásquez Saldarriaga’s verification of the conditional compliance system incident was opened on October 25th 2018 following a request from the Recognition Room on September 10 2018 for individual and personal reports on their reinstatement activities and other obligations of the 31 respondents in Case 001. Of the 31 respondents, Velásquez was the only one who did not present a report in time, nor did he request an extension.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, “La JEP cita a audiencia para tomar decisión frente al incidente de cumplimiento de Velásquez Saldarriaga” April 11th, 2019, available at: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/La-JEP-cita-a-audiencia-para-tomar-decisi%C3%B3n-frente-a-incidente-de-cumplimiento-de-Vel%C3%A1squez-Saldarriaga.aspx


§ Human rights organizations hand in reports to the JEP about crimes committed by Military Forces:


On April 12 2019 eleven human rights organizations, as well as victim support platforms, announced that – between May and June 2019 – they will deliver documents that detail crimes committed by Military Forces to the Recognition Courtroom of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP). According to the organizations, these reports show both systematic and generalized military practice of extrajudicial killings or so called “false positives” – extrajudicial executions in which they presented civilians as front-line guerrillas – as well as the high levels of impunity these officials encounter in ordinary justice.


Source:

El Espectador, “Organizaciones de DD.HH. entregarán informes a la JEP sobre delitos de Fuerzas Militares”, April 11th 2019, available at : https://colombia2020.elespectador.com/jep/organizaciones-de-ddhh-entregaran-informes-la-jep-sobre-delitos-de-fuerzas-militares-0


§ Patricia Linares, President of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, intervenes before the Senate in the Public Hearing on the Presidential Objections to the JEP Statutory Law:


On April 11, the President of the JEP spoke before the Senate on the debate over the presidential objections to the JEP statutory law. In the Public Hearing, Patricia Linares declared that “the Statutory Law would bring all the normative tools so that we can advance in our task”. Likewise, Judge Danilo Rojas presented on the constitutionality of each objection.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Official Twitter, 11th April 2019, Available at: https://twitter.com/JEP_Colombia/status/1116346879359328256


Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Official Twitter, 11th April 2019, Available at: https://twitter.com/SenadoGovCo/status/1116347971229159429


§ The Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) continues working hand in hand with the Colombian Co-operators Group:


The International Cooperation team from the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) led the first technical meeting of 2019 with representatives of the international community and donor countries, with the intention of developing their work plan and explaining the upcoming year’s necessities. The meeting was convened by Swiss and Spanish representatives, countries that lead the Transitional Justice and Peace Subgroup, that depends on the 32 countries that form the Colombian Co-operators Group (CRUC). The group is led by Germany this year. Jairo Matallana, Program official from Justice and Security, and coordinator of the Transitional Justice of the PNUD program, stated that the meeting was a “response to the Co-operators Group invitation that promotes spaces for articulation of the components of the Comprehensive System of Truth, Justice, Reparation, and Non-Repetition (SIVJRNR)”.


For more information about the meeting and the embassies and institutions that were present at the event, click here.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, La JEP sigue trabajando de la mano del Grupo de Cooperantes Colombia, 10th April 2019, available at: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/La-JEP-sigue-trabajando-de-la-mano-del-Grupo-de-Cooperantes-Colombia.aspx


§ Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) awards conditional freedom to Juan Carlos Meneses, key witness in the case against Santiago Uribe:


On April 10, the Definition of Judicial Situation Courtroom of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) awards conditional freedom to the retired chief of police, Juan Carlos Meneses Quintero, condemned in 2017 to 27 years in prison for the murder of Camilo Barrientos in Antioquia in 1994. According to the special jurisdiction, “Meneses has already signed a statement of submission to the JEP for facts related to the armed conflict. The officer, upon receiving this benefit and because he is subject to the JEP, must comply with the conditionality regime that demands his contribution to truth, not repetition and more ". The Mayor (r) Meneses is one of the key testimonies in the case against Santiago Uribe Vélez, who is charged with crimes of conspiracy to commit aggravated homicide. The Prosecutor's Office maintains that Uribe Vélez, brother of Senator Álvaro Uribe Vélez, participated and supported the band of Los 12 Apóstoles. According to the evidence compiled by the investigating body, the band executed an "extermination plan" against marginal sectors of the civilian population, such as delinquents, drug addicts or alleged supporters of the guerrillas.


Source:

El Espectador, “La JEP dejó en libertad a Juan Carlos Meneses, testigo clave en el caso contra Santiago Uribe”, 10th April 2019, Available at: https://www.elespectador.com/noticias/judicial/la-jep-dejo-en-libertad-juan-carlos-meneses-testigo-clave-en-el-caso-contra-santiago-uribe-articulo-849866


§ ​The Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) commemorates Day of the Victims:


April 9 is the Day of Memory and Solidarity with the Victims of the Armed Conflict. In commemoration, the Special Jurisdiction for Peace participated in a schedule that included conversations, cultural meetings, and report presentations, in which the victims called for justice. The day began in Neiva, where the Table of Victims from Huila delivered a report to the Comprehensive System of Truth, Justice, Reparation, and Non-Repetition (of which the Commission on Truth and the Search Unit for Disappeared Persons belong) on the 120 cases of sexual violence, homicide, recruitment of minors, disappearances, and kidnappings committed by the FARC.


The trip was accompanied by a series of meeting and discussions that you can look at here.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, “La JEP conmemora el Día de las víctimas”, 9th April 2019, Available at: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/La-JEP-conmemora-el-D%C3%ADa-de-las-V%C3%ADctimas.aspx


§ Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP), in the final straight to decide extradition request for Seuxis Paucias Hernández, known as "Jesús Santrich”:


On Tuesday, April 9th, exactly one year after the capture of the former Guerilla leader, Seuxis Paucias Hernández, known as “Jesús Santrich”, the Review Section of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) prepared to make a decision on the most controversial case since the signing of the Peace agreement between the State and FARC. During the first week of April, Judge Jesus Angel Bobadilla, gave the four other judges of the Court the document that details his decision on the case. The order, which will also have value as a precedent on the processing of the guarantees of non-extradition in the JEP, will come out of a majority vote of the court. That decision will be known in the next few days and should answer the question of whether the JEP offers free reign or denies the extradition of Santrich.


Source:

El Espectador, “JEP, en la recta final para decidir solicitud de extradición de Santrich”, 9th April 2019, Available at: https://colombia2020.elespectador.com/jep/jep-en-la-recta-final-para-decidir-solicitud-de-extradicion-de-santrich


§ The Special Jurisdiction for Peace organizes a trip to Buenaventura:


On April 9th the JEP organized trip to Buenaventura ended. The Magistrate Claudia Saldaña invited the victims of the región to present their reports to the JEP.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Official Twitter, 9th April 2019, Available at: https://twitter.com/JEP_Colombia/status/1115764886259273728


§ The House of Representatives votes to reject President Iván Duque’s objections to the Special Jurisdiction for Peace’s Statutory Law:


After four hours of debate, on April 8th, the House of Representatives voted in favour of rejecting the presidential objections to the Special Jurisdiction for Peace’s (JEP) statutory law. The vote was 110 votes against, 44 in favour of the report that suggested denying the objections of President Duque to the statutory law of JEP. After the filing of this report, the debate on the objections of the JEP will be transferred to the Senate.


Source:

El Espectador, “Las reacciones de los congresistas tras el rechazo a las objeciones a la JEP”, 9 April 2019, Available at: https://www.elespectador.com/noticias/politica/las-reacciones-de-los-congresistas-tras-el-rechazo-las-objeciones-la-jep-articulo-849504


§ The Special Jurisdiction for Peace organized a forum with victims in Tibú, North Santander:


April 9th, the JEP arrived in Tibú, North Santander, where they heard from victims in the forum “End of the Armed Conflict, Construction of Peace and Reconciliation”.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Official Twitter, April 9th, 2019 available at: https://twitter.com/JEP_Colombia/status/1115729176307355648


§ The Supreme Court must define the submission before the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) of Maza Márquez and Santofimio Botero:


As a result of resolution 001307, the Chamber for the Definition of Legal Situations of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, the JEP ruled that the Supreme Court of Justice is the entity best prepared to resolve petitions for submission, advanced benefit and a sentence review of the ex-director of the DAS Miguel Maza Márquez and the former congressman Alberto Santofimio Botero, both convicted for the murder of the presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galán Sarmiento.


Source:

Special Jurisdiction for Peace, “Corte Suprema de Justicia debe definir sometimiento a la JEP de Maza Márquez y de Santofimio Botero”, 9th April 2019, Available at: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/Corte-Suprema-de-Justicia-debe-definir-sometimiento-a-la-JEP-de-Maza-M%C3%A1rquez-y-de-Santofimio-Botero.aspx


§ The President Iván Duque affirms that he will accept the decision of Congress on his six objections to the Peace Accords with FARC:


The Colombian President, Iván Duque, affirmed that he will accept the decision made by congress regarding his six objections to the Statutory Law of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) to implement the Peace Accords with the demobilization of guerilla group the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and stated his confidence that such a decision would be taken thoroughly.


Source:

Notimérica, “Duque afirma que aceptará la decisión del Congreso sobre sus seis objeciones sobre el Acuerdo de Paz con las FARC”, 5th April 2019, Available at: https://www.notimerica.com/politica/noticia-duque-afirma-aceptara-decision-congreso-seis-objeciones-acuerdo-paz-farc-20190405102224.html


§ The Government establishes its first reform to the Special Jurisdiction for Peace:

On April 4th, the Minister of Justice – Gloria María Borrero – filed on behalf of the national government, the first draft of Legislative Act 038 of 2019 that seeks to reform the system of Truth, Justice and Reparation agreed between the Government and the FARC . The initiative, as announced by President Iván Duque on the same day that he revealed his objections to the Statutory Law of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, seeks to exclude actors of the conflict who have committed sexual crimes against minors from the transitional justice process.


Source:

El Espectador, “Gobierno radicó la primera reforma a la JEP”, 4th April 2019, Available at: https://www.elespectador.com/noticias/politica/gobierno-radico-la-primera-reforma-la-jep-articulo-848787


ACTUALIZACIÓN SEMANAL - JURISDICCIÓN ESPECIAL PARA LA PAZ (JEP)


(5 abril – 12 abril 2019)


§ Zulema Jattin Corrales, exrepresentante a la Cámara por el departamento de Córdoba y exsenadora, firma un acta de sometimiento ante la Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP):


Zulema Jattin Corrales, exrepresentante a la Cámara por el departamento de Córdoba y exsenadora, firmó el pasado 12 de abril de 2019 acta de sometimiento ante la Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP). Zulema Jattin Corrales está actualmente siendo investigada por la Corte Suprema de Justicia por el delito de concierto para delinquir agravado cuando se desempeñó como senadora de la República y representante a la Cámara por presuntas alianzas con las Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC). Actualmente, Jattin Corrales se encuentra en detención domiciliaria.


Fuente:

- Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz, “Zulema Jattin firma acta de sometimiento ante la JEP”, 12 de abril 2019, disponible en: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/Zulema-Jattin-firma-acta-de-sometimiento-ante-la-JEP.aspx


§ La JEP cita a audiencia para tomar decisión frente al incidente de cumplimiento del exjefe guerrillero de las FARC Hernán Darío Velásquez Saldarriaga, conocido como “El Paisa”:


La Sala de Reconocimiento de Verdad, de Responsabilidad y de Determinación de los Hechos y Conductas de la Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP) citó a una audiencia pública el próximo 26 de abril de 2019 a las 8:00 a.m., con el objetivo de decidir acerca del incidente de verificación del cumplimiento del régimen de condicionalidad de Hernán Darío Velásquez Saldarriaga.


El incidente de verificación de cumplimiento del régimen de condicionalidad de Velásquez Saldarriaga se abrió́ el 25 de octubre de 2018 luego de que el 10 de septiembre de 2018 la Sala de Reconocimiento solicitó a los 31 comparecientes del Caso 001, incluido Velásquez Saldarriaga, informes individuales y personales sobre sus actividades de reincorporación y otras obligaciones relevantes para el caso. De los 31 comparecientes, Velásquez fue el único que no presentó el informe dentro del plazo otorgado. Tampoco solicitó prórroga para hacerlo.


Fuente:

-Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz, “La JEP cita a audiencia para tomar decisión frente al incidente de cumplimiento de Velásquez Saldarriaga”, 11 de abril 2019, disponible en: https://www.jep.gov.co/Sala-de-Prensa/Paginas/La-JEP-cita-a-audiencia-para-tomar-decisi%C3%B3n-frente-a-incidente-de-cumplimiento-de-Vel%C3%A1squez-Saldarriaga.aspx


§ Organizaciones de derechos humanos entregarán informes a la JEP sobre delitos de Fuerzas Militares:


Once organizaciones de derechos humanos, así como plataformas de apoyo a las víctimas, anunciaron el pasado jueves 12 de abril, que - entre mayo y junio de 2019 - entregarán a la Sala de Reconocimiento de la Jurisdicción de la Paz (JEP) documentos que evidencian delitos cometidos por las Fuerzas Militares. Según dichas organizaciones, estos informes ponen de manifiesto sistematicidad y las prácticas generalizadas de las Fuerzas Militares al cometer las ejecuciones extrajudiciales o mal llamados “falsos positivos” – ejecuciones extrajudiciales en las que se presentó a civiles como bajas guerrilleras - y que en su gran mayoría se encuentran impunes en la justicia ordinaria.


Fuente:

-El Espectador, “Organizaciones de DD.HH. entregarán informes a la JEP sobre delitos de Fuerzas Militares”, 11 de abril 2019, disponible en: https://colombia2020.elespectador.com/jep/organizaciones-de-ddhh-entregaran-informes-la-jep-sobre-delitos-de-fuerzas-militares-0


§ Patricia Linares, presidenta de la Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP), interviene ante el Senado en la Audiencia Pública sobre las objeciones presidenciales a la Ley Estatutaria de la JEP:


El pasado 11 de abril, la presidenta de la JEP intervino ante el Senado con motivo de las objeciones presidencias a la Ley Estatutaria de la JEP. En dicha Audiencia Pública, Patricia Linares declaró que "La Ley Estatutaria traería todas las herramientas normativas para que podamos avanzar en nuestra tarea". De igual manera, intervino el Magistrado Danilo Rojas, quien hizo referencia a la constitucionalidad de cada una de las objeciones.


Fuentes:

- Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz, Twitter Oficial, 11 de abril 2019, disponible en: https://twitter.com/JEP_Colombia/status/1116346879359328256


- Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz, Twitter Oficial, 11 de abril 2019, disponible en: https://twitter.com/SenadoGovCo/status/1116347971229159429